It is customary to call "Middle Ages" a period of European history, which begins in the fifth century with the decline of the Western Roman Empire and ends in the fifteenth century with the Renaissance and the great discoveries.

Throughout this long period of a thousand years, one finds traces of Jewish communities in the East and in the West.

In the thirteenth century, in the north of France, the songs of the Jewish communities used the melodies of the trouvères. The oil-language and Hebrew then intermingled intimately, especially in religious poems (piyyoutim), songs of marriage or circumcision.










The researches of the paleographers Colette Sirat, and Judith Schlanger, made it possible to find several of these songs in Hebrew manuscripts.







Even if there are few traces of this history of medieval Jewish music, these various testimonies show that the Jews of yesterday were not so different from those of today: they loved music, sometimes practiced it in a professional way, both in the secular and religious fields.


Read the feature article: Introduction to medieval Jewish music

Order the CD CD Juifs et Trouvères on the EIJM’s online shop


Listen to

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  • Mi al Har Horev (EXTRAIT) - Ensemble Vocal Henri Milstein

  • Wa-Eda Mah - The Cameran Singers

  • Baroukh Haguever (EXTRAIT) - Ensemble Vocal Henri Milstein

  • Shalfu Tzarim Poème liturgique - Ensemble Alla Francesca

  • Deror Yiqra Chanson de chabbat - Ensemble Alla Francesca

  • El-givat ha-levona Chanson de mariage - Ensemble Alla Francesca

  • Por alli paso un cavallero (EXTRAIT) - Figueras MONTSERRAT

  • El Rey de Francia (EXTRAIT) - Figueras MONTSERRAT

  • Un pregon pregono el rey - Ensemble Alla Francesca

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