Commando Musik

by Willem de Vries

Buchet-Chastel Editions, October 2019, 413 p.

Commando Musik, Comment les nazis ont spolié l’Europe musicale, by Willem de Vries.
Released in October 2019 by Buchet-Chastel Editions.

Born in Amsterdam in 1939, Willem de Vries is a PhD in musicology. During the writing of his thesis on « Darius Milhaud and jazz », between 1984 and 1991, he discovered the existence of a « music » commando, to which he then did research.

The dispossession of Jewish property by the nazis, concerned real estate, companies, artwork, books.. The cultural dimension of the pillage and dispossession was set up by the Rosenberg (ERR) organisation, created in 1940 t eliminate all Jewish cultural life in all Europe.

The misknowned dimension of these dispossessions concern music : indeed, a special commando, the Sonderstab Musik ( "music" commando), composed by distinguished German musicologists was created to locate instruments, sheet music, manuscripts and to take them from their owners.

Such is the subject of this book by Willem de Vries, which took over 10 years of research. It reveals for the first time the organisation of this commando that gave "transit" between 1940 and 1944, into Germany to hundreds of thousands of books, sheet music and music instruments.

The composer Darius Milhaud, the pianists Wanda Landowska and Arthur Rubinstein, the music critique Arno Poldès, the cellist Gregor Piatigorsky were among the first victims of these massive dispossessions, of which the actors, the running and the extent are now put to light.

Translation by Laurent Slaars.
Preface by Sonia Wieder-Atherton.
Foreward by Corinne Hershkovitch.

The French translation of this book received the support of the Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah.

On the 31st January 2020, at Sciences-Po school in Paris (75007), is organised a day of studyon "Spoliated music", or How the nazis looted musical Europe

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