Cheikh Raymond - Ôochk El Djara

Raymond Leris is born in 1912, his father was a Jew who came from Batna, capital city of the region of Aurès, and his mother was French. Abandoned by his mother when his father died fighting in World War I, he is adopted by a religious and very poor Jewish family.
Attracted by music, he learns Malouf with Cheikhs Omar Chaklab and Abdelkrim Bestandji. Malouf is the Constantine form of art music from Arab-Andalusian tradition. Mutual repertoire of Jews and Muslims, Malouf celebrates courtly love and impetus towards God. In North Africa as well as in the entire Arab-Muslim region, this music was kept alive, but many of its learned modes were forgotten due to its oral transmission. The instruments used are the lute, cithara and oud, tambourine, alto and Bedouin flute, specific of Constantine.

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