Bordeaux’s synagogue, Wednesday May the 3rd
Mysterious and captivating, Jewish music express the soul of a people who spent the major part of its existence in exile. In the beginning, antique Hebrew music is rooted in Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian and Egyptian music. Between the 4th century before J.C. and the 1st century of the Christian era, Judea endures the cultural influence of Greek and Roman civilizations, reflected by the names of the Greek instruments in the book of Daniel.
After the destruction of the Temple (70 after J.C.) and the beginning of the diaspora (130 after J.C.), the synagogue becomes the center of Jewish life. The transition from the sacrificial ritual to the prayer puts the music instruments for the worship away and establishes singing as the main vehicle of faith. The second half of the first millennium sees the emergence of the religious poetry (piyyutim), the writing of the biblical cantillation (te’amim) and the confirmation of the cantor’s role (chazan) as keeper of the local traditions (minhagim).
North Africa allow to note several traditional Jewish music and to record fragments of musical traditions that will, for some of them, disappear during the Holocaust.
Nowadays, the Jewish musical panel is more than ever subject to an accelerating process of evolution and mutation.
Hervé ROTEN is ethnomusicologist, has a PhD in musicology from the Paris IV Sorbonne University, he is the director of the European Institute for Jewish Music, and is the author of several articles, books, and records dealing with the various aspects of the Jewish musical traditions in France and worldwide.