Frankel, Joseph (Lieutenant) (1885-1953)

logo bio Joseph Frankel

Biography compiled by Patrick Bermand

Joseph Frankel was born in Kiev, Russia (now Ukraine). A Kiev conservatory trained bandmaster and a band leader in the Tzarist army, he toured the US in 1904 leading the 14th Regiment Military Band.

In the early 1910s he led theatre orchestras in New York. When WW1 started Joseph Frankel was touring South America with a Russian Symphony orchestra. He took US citizenship and became a band leader in the US army.

 

After the war he recorded traditional tunes as well as his own contemporary compositions including ’Yiddishe Blues’.

 

“Yiddishe Blues” was a 1918 experiment by Joseph Frankel. The piece blends ragtime sensibility in its instrumentation and syncopation, a klezmer melodic line with “Mi Shebeyrekh” in cantorial mode. By insisting on including the rank “Lt.”, Frankel was already pointing to an American-ness of the Jewish nation. Suitably, Frankel was a band officer in both the Russian and American armies, a fact that reveals the futility of trying to firmly establish a specific Jewish national identity in the XXth century. Even as Frankel was evolving a hyphenated Jewish-American musical identity, other bandleaders were still “national” in referencing their European side, as in Abe Schwartz’s “National Hora”. Updating Frankel’s approach to hybridization has become basic to recent klezmer bands.

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